What Is a Micro 4 Thirds Digicam?

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preview image showing micro four thirds logo

We recurrently discuss full-frame and crop sensor cameras right here at How-To Geek, however there are different sensor codecs, too. Let’s have a fast have a look at an increasingly popular option: Micro 4 Thirds.

A Smaller Sensor with a Completely different Side Ratio

The Micro 4 Thirds format sensor is often utilized in small, mirrorless, consumer-focused cameras with interchangeable lenses, made by Panasonic and Olympus—though you can even discover it in some high-end point-and-shoots. It’s smaller than the sensor utilized in virtually all DSLRs, though considerably larger than the chips present in most smartphones.

Micro 4 Thirds has a 17.3mm x 13mm sensor. It’s a very good bit smaller than the 36mm x 24mm full-frame format sensor, and about 60% of the dimensions of the commonest APS-C crop sensor, 23.6mm x 15.7mm.

image showing relative sensor sizes
The relative sensor sizes of most smartphone (blue), Micro 4 Thirds (inexperienced), APS-C (yellow), and Full-Body (purple) cameras.

Micro 4 Thirds has a crop factor of round 2. Because of this a 50mm lens on a Micro 4 Thirds digicam has the same field of view as a 100mm lens on a full-frame digicam. (It’s about the identical as a 70mm lens on an APS-C digicam, which has a crop issue of 1.5.)

The Micro 4 Thirds format additionally has a barely completely different facet ratio to the opposite sensor codecs. Whereas they use the three:2 facet ratio, Micro 4 Thirds has a side ratio of 4:3 (therefore the title). In the event you get a Micro 4 Thirds digicam, you could end up needing to crop your pictures extra typically.

Field of view comparison of a 50mm lens on a full frame, APS-C, and Micro Four Thirds camera
Discipline of view comparability of a 50mm lens on a full-frame, APS-C, and Micro 4 Thirds digicam.

The Execs and Cons of Micro 4 Thirds

Sensor dimension impacts quite a bit about a picture. The larger the sensor, the higher it performs in low mild. That is why smartphone cameras can struggle so much at night. It additionally impacts the depth of field. With bigger sensors, it’s simpler to get blurrier, extra bokeh-filled backgrounds. Once more, the smaller sensors are why smartphones have to “fake it.”

Micro 4 Thirds sits at an attention-grabbing intersection between smartphones and bigger, devoted cameras. The bigger sensors can make it possible to take higher quality images. Nonetheless, you don’t get the identical low mild efficiency or straightforward portrait photographs as you do with a full-frame camera.

The crop issue may also be a bonus. It allows you to get extra zoomed-in photographs with shorter and lighter telephoto lenses. It’s actually handy when you wish to shoot sports or wildlife images. Probably the most disappointing issues about DSLRs is how costly lengthy lenses are.

Apart from the sensor, Micro 4 Thirds cameras from Olympus and Panasonic are usually inexpensive, straightforward to hold, and good at taking pictures movies. In the event you’re searching for a mirrorless camera that’s actually small enough to bring around, they’re value contemplating.

RELATED: Why Aren’t Mirrorless Cameras Smaller?

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