If you create a Microsoft Phrase doc, you need to at all times make accessibility and inclusiveness a high precedence. Listed here are some common guidelines and finest practices you need to observe to make your doc extra accessible to everybody, together with folks with disabilities.
A display reader, because the identify implies, reads aloud the textual content on a display. Nevertheless, as subtle as display readers could also be, they’ll’t perceive the context of a graphic with out the assistance of alt textual content. If you add alt text to an object in Word, you permit display readers to gather and skim aloud the outline, offering assist to these with visible impairments.
Figuring out which objects ought to embody alt textual content is necessary. If a graphic is strictly ornamental (like web page borders), it’s secure to exclude alt textual content, and you’ll mark the graphic as ornamental in Phrase. If you do, display readers will let the consumer know that the item in query is only for aesthetic functions. You may also skip including alt textual content to tables, as display readers are capable of seize the content material inside these with none further assist.
You ought to add alt textual content to any visible that provides further context to your doc. This nearly at all times contains all:
Writing effective alt text can take a little bit of follow as properly. You wish to just remember to precisely describe the visible in a sentence or two (though a number of fastidiously chosen phrases also can do the trick).
Listed here are some common suggestions for writing good alt textual content:
- Don’t embody phrases like “a picture of” or “a graphic displaying.”
- Don’t embody textual content material that seems across the picture as alt textual content.
- Write the alt textual content the identical approach you’d write every other descriptive sentence.
- When together with alt textual content for move charts, embody the entire course of from starting to finish. This can be lengthier than alt textual content for different graphics, nevertheless it’s needed.
Microsoft tries to make it simpler for you by providing you with the choice to mechanically add alt textual content to photographs, however you shouldn’t depend on this characteristic. That’s like asking another person to write down your content material for you, and you’ll’t assure that the outline shall be correct. Personal your content material.
So as to add alt textual content to things in Phrase, click on the picture to pick out it, then click on the “Alt Textual content” possibility within the “Accessibility” group of the “Image Format” tab.
The “Alt Textual content” pane will seem to the correct of the Phrase doc. Right here, you possibly can write your personal alt textual content, have Phrase generate an outline for you, or mark the graphic as ornamental.
Photographs aren’t the one media that’s utilized in Microsoft Phrase paperwork—movies can play an necessary position, too.
Movies could be a nice useful resource, however you should guarantee that the data within the video is accessible to everybody. This implies including closed captions for individuals who could have issue listening to and like studying the on-screen textual content.
Sadly, Microsoft Phrase doesn’t have a built-in characteristic for including closed captions to movies. Which means in case you created the video your self, you should do issues the old style approach. You should utilize a textual content editor (comparable to Notepad) to create the closed captions, then save that file with the VTT extension.
Should you’re linking to or embedding a YouTube video, then it can (more than likely) have already got closed captions due to Google’s Speech Recognition that generates this textual content mechanically. This can prevent a bit time, however these captions aren’t at all times correct. Attempt watching the video your self utilizing the closed captions to see what your viewers shall be seeing. If the closed captions aren’t correct, think about linking to a different supply.
Customers can skip from hyperlink to hyperlink with a display reader, so it’s necessary that the hyperlinked textual content isn’t ambiguous. In different phrases, if the textual content solely says “click on right here,” “see extra,” or one thing related, the consumer received’t perceive the that means behind the hyperlink when the display reader reads it again to them out of context.
Should you’re in a position to take action naturally, it’s finest to make use of the vacation spot’s title within the textual content in order that the consumer is aware of precisely what the hyperlink is.
Including hyperlinks to photographs is just not unusual, both. Nevertheless, this makes issues tough for display readers. Should you should add a hyperlink to a picture, guarantee that the picture’s alt textual content describes the aim and site of the hyperlink—not the picture itself. Because of this, although, you need to attempt to keep away from utilizing hyperlinks in photos each time potential.
Whereas the usability and accessibility of links could take a little bit of time, the profit that it brings to your viewers is properly well worth the funding.
If you insert a hyperlink in textual content, Microsoft Phrase provides an underline by default. When you can remove the underline from the hyperlink, there’s a reasonably good cause to go away it there.
If you use indicators aside from shade, you make it simpler for colorblind or visually impaired people to know the data you’re attempting to convey—whether or not or not it’s realizing which textual content incorporates a hyperlink, or utilizing checkmarks and X’s as an alternative of inexperienced and crimson to point that one thing is appropriate or incorrect.
Moreover, you’ll wish to guarantee that the distinction between your textual content and the doc’s background is enough. Should you use a lightweight shade (e.g. mild grey) on a white background, it can make your textual content tough to learn.
Right here’s an instance of poor textual content/background distinction:
And good textual content/background distinction:
There are color-contrast checker apps accessible on-line that do a terrific job of letting if the distinction in your doc is enough or not. Alternatively, you possibly can simply use Microsoft Phrase’s built-in Accessibility Checker software.
Constructing a logical doc construction merely means utilizing headings, and utilizing them correctly. One widespread mistake that folks make when attempting to arrange the totally different sections of their content material is to easily resize the textual content and make it daring. This presents a number of points, comparable to making it tougher for display readers to learn and perceive the construction of your content material, to not point out that your doc received’t be correctly tabulated.
Phrase has a decently sized library of heading kinds to select from within the “Kinds” group of the “Dwelling” tab. If none of them match the fashion of your doc, then you possibly can change the default heading styles.
However utilizing headings isn’t sufficient—you should use them in the correct approach. Meaning nesting the headings in a logical order. For instance, right here’s how good heading construction appears to be like:
- Heading 1
- Heading 2
- Heading 3
- Heading 3
- Heading 2
- Heading 3
And right here’s an instance of poor heading construction:
- Heading 3
- Heading 1
- Heading 3
- Heading 2
- Heading 1
Moreover, you’ll wish to use built-in formatting instruments when applicable. For instance, if you wish to make an inventory, then you need to use the numbered/bulleted checklist characteristic discovered within the “Paragraph” group of the “Dwelling” tab. That is most popular over typing a hyphen, including an area, after which getting into the textual content.
Typically it’s simply not potential to create easy tables, however when it’s, you need to. Display readers learn by tables (which is why you don’t want so as to add alt textual content to them) and sustain with the placement by counting the desk’s cells. If you nest a table within a table or use split cells, it makes it extremely tough for the display reader to maintain observe.
RELATED: Tables and Other Formatting Controls
Display readers additionally depend on desk header info so as to determine columns and rows. You possibly can add a header to your desk. Click on anyplace within the desk after which, within the “Desk Fashion Choices” group of the “Desk Design” tab, click on the field subsequent to “Header Row” to pick out it.
Microsoft Phrase’s Accessibility Checker scans your doc and returns options for making your content material extra accessible. This contains issues like scanning photos to guarantee that they include alt textual content and ensuring that tables are utilizing a easy construction.
Nevertheless, there are some limitations. The Accessibility Checker can’t verify movies for closed captions, nor can it perceive in case you’re utilizing shade to convey info. Even after you utilize this software, you should definitely visually scan your doc as soon as earlier than sending it out.
To make use of the Accessibility Checker, click on the “Overview” tab, then click on the icon above “Test Accessibility” within the “Accessibility” group.
The outcomes of the inspection will seem within the “Accessibility” pane to the correct of the doc. Right here, you possibly can assessment the errors and warnings returned.
After you run the Accessibility Checker and it doesn’t return any points, give your doc one final visible scan, after which it’s able to be despatched out.
Microsoft didn’t cease with Workplace—the corporate additionally supplies totally different accessibility features for its Windows 10 operating system, making the working system accessible to everybody.